在運作安格拉1、2號核電廠的「電子核子」公司(Eletronuclear)裡主持並管理計畫與環境的坂本寬(Luis Hiroshi Sakamoto)，1月向巴西通訊社政府新聞部表示將花費18億美元和5年時間來完成位在安格拉1、2號反應爐旁、目前部分完工的安格拉3號。
Brazil Officially Starts First Uranium Enrichment Facility
RIO DE JANEIRO, Brazil, May 8, 2006 (ENS)
Brazil has inaugurated its first uranium enrichment facility to produce the type of fuel for nuclear power plants that Iran is running into trouble for attempting to produce. There are strong suspicions that the objective of the Iranian nuclear program is to eventually build a bomb, but Brazil has managed to assure the international community its intentions are industrial and commercial, not military.
On Friday, Indústrias Nucleares do Brasil officially launched the first two centrifuges needed for uranium enrichment at a facility in Resende, in the state of Rio de Janeiro. The Brazilian Constitution bans the military use of nuclear energy, and the country has signed the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty. No objections to Brazil’s uranium enrichment program have been heard from the United States.
In April 2004 the Brazilian government denied access for the IAEA inspectors to the Resende facility; Citing a need to protect proprietary information the government had built walls around parts of the facility and draped covers over equipment. By November 2004, the IAEA was able to reach an agreement in principle with the Brazilian government on a safeguards approach to verify the enrichment facilities in Brazil.
Around 2015, the factory is expected to be supplying 100 percent of Brazil’s enriched uranium. Minister Rezende said in March that Brazil has a plan to build seven nuclear plants over the next 15 years, two of them in the country’s poorest region, the Northeast.
Luís Hiroshi Sakamoto, the director of planning, management and environment at Eletronuclear, the company that operates the Angra 1 and 2 nuclear power plants, told the Agencia Brasil government news agency in January that it will take US$1.8 billion and five years to complete the partly finished Angra 3, located next to the Angra 1 and 2 reactors.
Angra 3 was scheduled to be operating in 1988, but it was never completed although US$750 million has been spent on it.
Greenpeace calls Brazil’s new uranium enrichment factory in Resende a step backwards. Guilherme Leonardi, the coordinator for nuclear energy at Greenpeace, says Brazil is investing in a technology that many countries are abandoning.
The Brazilian government is planning to become an exporter of enriched uranium. Science and Technology Minister Rezende said last September that the country currently possesses the world’s sixth large uranium reserves, but a more detailed study could put Brazil in third place.
The minister said that, in order to sell enriched uranium on the international market, it would be necessary to invest in technology, to raise production, and alter the Constitution, which precludes uranium exports.